THE GREAT CRIMEAN WAR 1853-1856

THE FORGOTTEN WAR : THE SIEGE OF KARS, 1855

Led by Colonel Peter Knox, OBE

(7 nıghts, 8 days) (Istanbul, Kars & Anı)

Tour Date 2018:Monday, September 3rd - Monday, September 10th

The Great Crimean War 1853-1856

The Crımean War ın Turkey

The root cause of the Crımean war was the fear of Brıtaın and France that Russıa would ıncrease ıts powers at the expense of the declınıng Ottoman (Turkısh) empıre, a problem known as the “Eastern Questıon”. Sınce the reıgn of Peter the Great, Russıa had sought naval supremacy ın the Black Sea and access to the Medıterranean. Thıs was a potentıal threat to trade routes to Indıa and the East. The Crımean War was not the fırst or the last ın the long serıes of wars between Russıa and Turkey that erupted sporadıcally ın the 1780’s, 1820’s, 1870’s and most recently, as part of the Great War.

However the ostensıble cause of the Crımean War was a dıspute between France and Russıa over access to the Chrıstıan sıtes ın the Turkısh controlled Holy Land. Inıtıal Russıan operatıons agaınst the Ottoman Empıre were conducted ın Rumanıa when Russıan troops marched ınto the provınce of Moldavıa ın July 1853. In response Turkey declared war on 5 October. After a long drawn out perıod of negotıatıon and manoeuvrıng Brıtaın and France declared war on Russıa ın defence of Turkey on 28 March 1854. In Aprıl Brıtısh and French troops began arrıvıng ın Constantınople (Istanbul).

Thıs tour focuses on Turkey’s role ın the Crımean War and ıncludes a vısıt to Scutarı Barracks made famous by Florence Nıghtıngale and several sıtes ın Istanbul not usually open to the publıc. It then moves to the cıty of Kars ın the east of the country to look at the successful capture by the Russıans of the fortress of Kars ın November 1855 after hostılıtıes had ceased ın the Crımea. Russıa used thıs success ın negotıatıons at the Parıs peace talks ın March 1856.

We also vısıt the former Armenıan cıty of Anı, now part of Turkey.

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DAY 1 / ISTANBUL

Specıal category (4-star hotel)


Guests are met by a Peten tour manager at the Atatürk International Airport who will help with your airport transfer and hotel check-in. That evening will be spent meeting your fellow travelers along with your local guide and Peter Knox while enjoying a drink and sit down dinner. (D)

DAY 2 / ISTANBUL

Specıal category hotel


After enjoying a traditional Turkish breakfast we take our comfortable, air-conditioned Mercedes vehicle to the Asiatic Istanbul, crossing over the Bosphorous. We first visit the Selimiye Barracks used as a hospital during the war and a short drive to the British Cemetery and Florence Nightingale Monument. Return to the old Pera and Galata districts for good lunch and visit the Crimean Church - the plot was donated by Sultan Abdulmecid to the British for a church in commemoration of the Crimean War. A private tour to the Pera House & British Embassy built in 1850 by Sir Charles Barry and W.J.Smith to replace the first damaged building after the fire of 1831. (B)

DAY 3 / ISTANBUL

Specıal category hotel


This morning we visit the Palace of Dolmabahce built by Abdulmecid between 1843-1856, is the third largest Ottoman Palace in Istanbul. It embodies, in its very form the social and cultural structure of the period, of which it is stylistically typical. After lunch we embark our private boat from Tarabya and cruise from the Upper to the Lower Bosphorous, view the Büyükdere (Big Brook) from the boat- Its economic and social activities increased as a result of the large number of French, British and Italian soldiers who came to Istanbul during the Crimean war of 1853-1856 and settled in the Bosphorous area, and particularly in Büyükdere, remaining there until the end of the war. The British Crimean Fleet was at Büyükdere. We disembark at Kabataş (Lower Bosphorous). We drive to the old city to explore the unknown corners of the historical Grand Bazaar. (B, L)

DAY 4 / FLY TO KARS

Specıal category hotel (4-star)


After breakfast we cross the Golden Horn to visit the famous Spice Market (Egyptian Bazaar) before we go ahead to the airport. We take the only direct flight TK2714 (Departure time: 14:05 Arrival time: 16:05) to Kars. Our driver and local guide greet us at the Kars Airport and transfer to our hotel for a 3 night stay. In the late afternoon we drive up to the Kars Castle and view the old city. (B, D)

DAY 5 / KARS

Specıal category hotel


The Siege of Kars, 1855

Enjoy the traditional Kars breakfast (honey, yogurt, gravyer cheese…). A short and rough drive to Arap and Karadağ Tabias connected with the siege including General Williams’ HQ as the story unfolds. We visit the Kars Museum and explore Kars on foot to admire the Baltic architecture from the Russian period. (B)

DAY 6 / KARS

Specıal category hotel


This morning we drive east to follow the rough ground towards the Başgedikler village before we visit the ruined medieval Armenian city of Ani, once the ‘city of 1001 churches’ and walk along the Araxes River, bordering Turkey and Armenia. After a long day we get ready for the farewell dinner at the best local restaurant of Kars. (B & Farewell Dinner)

DAY 7 / FLY TO ISTANBUL

Specıal category (4-star) hotel ın the old cıty


British Redoubts from the Crimean War in the East and West Cakmak Military Barracks

This morning we check out. We walk along the gorge of Kars Chai and visit the British redoubts; Zohrap, Churchill, Teesdale, Thompson and William Pasha, which are in the Çakmak, barrack (military territory). Continue to Yüksek Tabya, Tahmasb and Vasıf Pasha. We take the late afternoon flight TK2715 (Departure 16:55 Arrival time: 19:10) back to Istanbul. Check into our hotel. (B)

DAY 8 / FLY BACK HOME


Transferred to Ataturk International Airport (Group or individual airport transfers) (B)

ACTIVITY LEVEL: The itinerary involves quite a lot of walking at the various sites, including some steep ascents. Good footwear therefore is essential. Thus it must be stated that this tour may not be suitable for passengers who require assistance or who have difficulty with mobility.

TOUR DATE 2018

Monday, September 3rd - Monday, September 10th

TOUR PRICE

€2650 Euro per person based on double occupancy (twin /double bed)
€420 Euro single room supplement

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WHAT'S INCLUDED IN THIS PRICE?

  • Specialist leadership & registered local Turkish guide.
  • All hotel accommodations and all meals as indicated in the itinerary (B=Breakfast, D=Dinner).
  • Domestic flights from Istanbul to Kars and Kars to Istanbul and airport taxes.
  • All ground transportation by a private , a/c Minivan
  • Bottled water during the land transportation
  • Welcome & Farewell dinner with limited local beverages.
  • Lower & Upper Bosphorous cruise by private boat ( 3 hours)
  • All admission fees to the sites in the itinerary
  • Gratuities at the hotels and restaurants in the itinerary.
  • All luggage handlings at the hotels & domestic airports when it is available
  • All arrival and departure airport transfers
  • A meticulously prepared tour folder, with maps and information, designed to provide detailed and useful knowledge about the tour sites.

WHAT'S NOT INCLUDED?

  • International outbound & return flight
  • Visa fee.
  • Personal expenses such as laundry, telephone bills, room service...
  • Meals are not in itinerary
  • Insurance of any kind. Travel insurance is recommended.
  • Discretionary gratuities to your guide and driver.
The Great Crimean War 1853-1856
The Great Crimean War 1853-1856
The Great Crimean War 1853-1856
The Great Crimean War 1853-1856
The Great Crimean War 1853-1856
The Great Crimean War 1853-1856

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